List of Fantasy Creatures

An example of a Chimera; an animal that has more than one distinct genetic trait.

I like researching cryptids and other mythological beasts so I thought I would share all of the different fantasy creatures I have learned about over the years.

Fantasy Creatures From Around The World:


Á Bao A Qu (Malay) – Entity that lives in the Tower of Victory in Chitor.

Aatxe (Basque) – Evil spirit that takes the form of a bull.

Abada (African) – Small type of unicorn reported to live in the lands of the African Congo.

Äbädä (Tatar) – Forest spirit.

Abaia (Melanesian) – Huge magical eel.

Abarimon (Medieval Bestiaries) – Savage humanoid with backward feet.

Abath (Malay) – One-horned animal.

Abatwa (Zulu) – Little people that ride ants.

Abumi-guchi (Japanese) – Furry creature formed from the stirrup of a mounted military commander.

Abura-akago (Japanese) – Oil-drinking infant.

Abura-bō (Japanese) – Spectral fire from Shiga Prefecture, in which the shape of a monk can often be seen.

Abura-sumashi (Japanese) – Ghost of oil thieves.

Acephali (Greek) – Headless humanoids.

Acheri (Indian) – Disease-bringing ghost.

Achiyalabopa (Puebloan) – Rainbow-feathered birds.

Achlis (Roman) – Curious elk.

Adar Llwch Gwin (Welsh) – Giant birds that understand human languages.

Adaro (Solomon Islands) – Malevolent merfolk.

Adhene (Manx) – Nature spirit.

Adlet (Inuit) – Vampiric dog-human hybrid.

Adroanzi (Lugbara) – Nature spirit.

Adze (Ewe people) – African vampiric forest being.

Aerico (Macedonian) – Disease demon.

Afanc (Welsh) – Lake monster (exact lake varies by story).

Agathodaemon (Greek) – Spirit of vinefields and grainfields.

Agloolik (Inuit) – Ice spirit that aids hunters and fishermen.

Agogwe (East Africa) – Small, ape-like humanoid.

Ahkiyyini (Inuit) – Animated skeleton that causes shipwrecks.

Ahuizotl (Aztec) – Anthropophagous dog-monkey hybrid.

Aigamuxa (Khoikhoi) – Anthropophagous humanoid with eyes in its instep.

Aigikampoi (Etruscan) – Fish-tailed goat.

Aigamuxa (Khoikhoi) – Man-eating Ogres.

Aitu (Polynesian) – Malevolent spirits or demons.

Aitvaras (Lithuanian) – Household spirit.

Ajatar (Finnish) – Dragon.

Akabeko (Japanese) – Red cow involved in the construction of Enzō-ji in Yanaizu, Fukushima.

Akamataa (Japanese) – Snake spirit from Okinawa.

Akaname (Japanese) -Bathroom spirit.

Akashita (Japanese) – Giant beast.

Akateko (Japanese) – Tree-dwelling monster.

Akhlut (Inuit) – Orca-wolf shapeshifter.

Akka (Finnish) – Female spirits or minor goddesses.

Akki (Japanese) – Large, grotesque humanoid

Akkorokamui (Ainu) – Sea monster.

Akuma (Japanese) – Evil spirit.

Akupara (Hindu) – Giant turtle that supports the world.

Akurojin-no-hi (Japanese) – Ghostly flame which causes disease.

Al (Armenian and Persian) – Spirit that steals unborn babies and livers from pregnant women.

Ala (Slavic) – Bad weather demon.

Alal (Chaldean) – Demon.

Alan (Philippine) – Winged humanoid that steals reproductive waste to make children.

Al Basti (Turkish) – Female night-demon.

Alce (Heraldic) – Wingless griffin.

Alicanto (Chilean) – Bird that eats gold and silver.

Alicorn – Technically a unicorn’s horn. In modern times is commonly misapplied to winged unicorns.

Alkonost (Slavic) – Angelic bird with human head and breasts.

Allocamelus (Heraldic) – Ass-camel hybrid.

Allu (Akkadian and Sumerian) – Faceless demon.

Almas (Mongolian) – Savage humanoid.

Al-mi’raj (Islamic) – One-horned rabbit.

Aloja (Catalan) – Female water spirit.

Alom-bag-winno-sis (Abenaki) – Little people and tricksters.

Alp (German) – Male night-demon.

Alphyn (Heraldic) – Lion-like creature, sometimes with dragon or goat forelegs.

Alp-luachra (Irish) – Parasitic fairy.

Al Rakim (Islamic) – Guard dog of the Seven Sleepers.

Alseid (Greek) – Grove nymph.

Alû (Assyrian) – Leprous demon.

Alux (Mayan) – Little people.

Amaburakosagi (Japanese) – Ritual disciplinary demon from Shikoku.

Amala (Tsimshian) – Giant who holds up the world.

Amamehagi (Japanese) – Ritual disciplinary demon from Hokuriku.

Amanojaku (Japanese) – Small demon.

Amarok (Inuit) – Giant wolf.

Amarum (Quechua) – Water boa spirit.

Amazake-babaa (Japanese) – Disease-causing hag.

Amefurashi (Japanese) – Child-like monster.

Amefurikozō (Japanese) – Child-like weather spirit.

Amemasu (Ainu) – Lake monster.

Ameonna (Japanese) – Female rain spirit.

Amikiri (Japanese) – Snake-bird-lobster hybrid.

Amorōnagu (Japanese) – Tennyo from the island of Amami Ōshima.

Amphiptere (Heraldic) – Winged serpent.

Amphisbaena (Greek) – Serpent with a head at each end.

Anakim (Jewish) – Giant.

Androsphinx (Ancient Egyptian) – Human-headed sphinx.

Angel (Christian, Islamic, Jewish, and Zoroastrian) – Heavenly being, usually depicted as a winged humanoid.

Angha (Persian) – Dog-lion-peacock hybrid.

Ani Hyuntikwalaski (Cherokee) – Lightning spirit.

Ankou (French) – Skeletal grave watcher with a lantern.

Anmo (Japanese) – Ritual disciplinary demon from Iwate Prefecture.

Antaeus (Greek) – A giant who was extremely strong as long as he remained in contact with the ground.

Antero Vipunen (Finnish) – Subterranean giant.

Aoandon (Japanese) – Spirit summoned at the end of a story-telling contest.

Ao Ao (Guaraní) – Anthropophagous peccary or sheep.

Aobōzu (Japanese) – Blue monk who kidnaps children.

Aonyōbō (Japanese) – Female ghost who lurks in an abandoned imperial palace.

Aosaginohi (Japanese) – Glowing heron.

Apkallu (Sumerian) – Fish-human hybrid that attends the god Enki.

Apsaras (Buddhist and Hindu) – Female cloud spirit.

Aqrabuamelu (Akkadian) – Human-scorpion hybrid.

Ardat-Lili (Akkadian) – Disease demon.

Argus Panoptes (Greek) – Hundred-eyed giant.

Arikura-no-baba (Japanese) – Old woman with magical powers.

Arimaspi (Greek) – One-eyed humanoid.

Arion (Greek) – Extremely swift horse with a green mane and the power of speech.

Arkan Sonney (Manx) – Fairy hedgehog.

Asag (Sumerian) – Hideous rock demon.

Asakku (Sumerian) – Demon.

Asanbosam (West Africa) – Iron-toothed vampire.

Asena (Turkic) – Blue-maned wolf.

A-senee-ki-wakw (Abenaki) – Stone-giant.

Ashi-magari (Japanese) – Invisible tendril that impedes movement.

Asiman (Dahomey) – Vampiric possession spirit.

Askefrue (Germanic) – Female tree spirit.

Ask-wee-da-eed (Abenaki) – Fire elemental and spectral fire.

Asobibi (Japanese) – Spectral fire from Kōchi Prefecture.

Aspidochelone (Medieval Bestiaries) – Island-sized whale or sea turtle.

Asrai (English) – Water spirit.

Astomi (Hindu) – Humanoid sustained by pleasant smells instead of food.

Aswang (Philippine) – Carrion-eating humanoid.

Atomy (English) – Surprisingly small creature.

Ato-oi-kozō (Japanese) – Invisible spirit that follows people.

Atshen (Inuit) – Anthropophagous spirit.

Auloniad (Greek) – Pasture nymph.

Avalerion (Medieval Bestiary) – King of the birds.

Awa-hon-do (Abenaki) – Insect spirit.

Axex (Ancient Egyptian) – Falcon-lion hybrid.

Ayakashi (Japanese) – Sea-serpent that travels over boats in an arc while dripping oil.

Ayakashi-no-ayashibi (Japanese) – Spectral fire from Ishikawa Prefecture.

Aziza (Dahomey) – Little people that help hunters.

Azukiarai (Japanese) – Spirit that washes azuki beans along riversides.

Azukibabaa (Japanese) – Bean-grinding hag who devours people.

Azukitogi (Japanese) – Spirit that washes azuki beans along riversides.


Baba Yaga (Slavic) – Forest spirit and hag.

Backoo (Guyanese) – Malevolent little people.

Bagiennik (Slavic) – Malevolent water spirit.

Bahamut (Arabian) – Giant fish.

Bashe (Chinese) – Elephant-swallowing serpent.

Bai Ze (Chinese) – Sheep-like animal.

Ba Jiao Gui (Chinese) – Banana tree spirit.

Bake-kujira (Japanese) – Ghost whale.

Bakeneko (Japanese) – Magical cat.

Bakezōri (Japanese) – Animated straw sandal.

Bakhtak (Iranian) – Night demon.

Baku (Japanese) – Dream-devouring, tapir-like creature.

Bakunawa (Philippine) – Sea serpent that causes eclipses.

Balaur (Romanian) – Multi-headed dragon.

Bannik (Slavic) – Bathhouse spirit.

Banshee (Irish) – Death spirit.

Barbegazi (Swiss) – Dwarf with giant, snowshoe-like feet.

Bardi (Trabzon) – Shapechanging death spirit.

Barghest – Yorkshire black dog.

Bar Juchne (Jewish) – Gigantic bird.

Barnacle Geese (Medieval folklore) – Geese which hatch from barnacles.

Barong (Balinese) – Tutelary spirit.

Basajaun (Basque) – Ancestral, megalith-building race.

Basan (Japanese) – Fire-breathing chicken.

BasCelik (Serbian) – A powerful and very evil winged man whose soul is not held by his body and can be subdued only by causing him to suffer dehydration.

Basilisco Chilote (Chilota) – Chicken-serpent hybrid.

Basilisk (Medieval Bestiaries) – Multi-limbed, venomous lizard.

Batibat (Philippine) – Female night-demon.

Batsu (Chinese) – Drought spirit.

Baubas (Lithuanian) – Malevolent spirit.

Baykok (Ojibwa) – Flying skeleton.

Bean Nighe (Irish) – Death spirit (a specific type of Banshee/Bean Sídhe).

Behemoth (Jewish) – Primal, gigantic land animal.

Bendigeidfran (Welsh) – Giant king.

Bennu (Egyptian) – Heron-like, regenerative bird, equivalent to (or inspiration of) the Phoenix.

Berehynia (Slavic) – Water spirit.

Bergrisar (Norse) – Mountain giant.

Bergsrå (Norse) – Mountain spirit.

Bestial beast (Brazilian) – Centauroid specter.

Betobeto-san (Japanese) – Invisible spirit which follows people at night, making the sound of footsteps.

Bhūta (Buddhist and Hindu) – Ghost of someone killed by execution or suicide.

Bi-blouk (Khoikhoi) – Female, anthropophagous, partially invisible monster.

Bies (Slavic) – Demon.

Binbōgami (Japanese) – Spirit of poverty.

Bishop-fish (Medieval Bestiaries) – Fish-like humanoid.

Biwa-yanagi (Japanese) – Animated biwa.

Black Annis (English) – Blue-faced hag.

Black Dog (British) – Canine death spirit.

Black Shuck – Norfolk, Essex, and Suffolk black dog.

Blemmyae (Medieval Bestiary) – Headless humanoid with face in torso.

Bloody Bones (Irish) – Water bogeyman.

Bodach (Scottish) – Malevolent spirit.

Bogeyman (English) – Malevolent spirit.

Boggart (English) – Malevolent household spirit.

Boginki (Polish) – Nature spirit.

Bogle (Scottish) – Malevolent spirit.

Boi-tatá (Brazilian) – Giant snake.

Bolla (Albanian) – Dragon.

Bonnacon (Medieval Bestiaries) – Bull-horse hybrid with flaming dung.

Boobrie (Scottish) – Roaring water bird.

Bozaloshtsh (Slavic) – Death spirit.

Brag (English) – Malevolent water horse.

Brownie (English and Scottish) – Benevolent household spirit.

Broxa (Jewish) – Nocturnal bird that drains goats of their milk.

Bokkenrijders (Dutch) – Damned bandits.

Bugbear (English) – Bearlike goblin.

Buggane (Manx) – Ogre-like humanoid.

Bugul Noz (Celtic) – Extremely ugly, but kind, forest spirit.

Bukavac (Serbia) – Six-legged lake monster.

Bukit Timah Monkey Man (Singapore) – Forest dwelling immortal primate.

Bunyip (Australian Aboriginal) – Horse-walrus hybrid lake monster.

Buraq (Islamic) – Human-headed, angelic horse.

Buruburu (Japanese) – Spirit which causes the shivers.

Bush Dai Dai (Guyanese) – Spirit that seduces and kills men.

Byangoma (Hindu) – Fortune-telling birds.

Bysen (Scandinavian) – Diminutive forest spirit.


Cabeiri (Greek) – Smith and wine spirits.

Cacus (Roman) – Fire-breathing giant.

Cadejo (Central America) – Cow sized dog-goat hybrid in two varieties: benevolent and white, and malevolent and black.

Caipora (Tupi) – Fox-human hybrid and nature spirit.

Caladrius (Medieval Bestiary) – White bird that can foretell if a sick person will recover or die.

Calingi (Medieval Bestiary) – Humanoids with an eight-year lifespan.

Callitrix (Medieval Bestiary) – Apes who always bear twins, one the mother loves, the other it hates.

Calydonian Boar (Greek) – Giant, chthonic boar.

Calygreyhound (Heraldic) – Wildcat-deer/antelope-eagle-ox-lion hybrid.

Camahueto (Chilota) – One-horned calf.

Cambion (Medieval folklore) – Hybrid between a human and an incubus or succubus.

Campe (Greek) – Dragon-human-scorpion hybrid.

Candileja (Colombian) – Spectral, fiery hag.

Canaima (Guyanese) – Were-jaguar.

Canotila (Lakota) – Little people and tree spirits.

Caoineag (Scottish) – Death spirit (a specific type of Banshee/Bean Sídhe).

Capa (Lakota) – Beaver spirit.

Căpcăun (Romanian) – Large, monstrous humanoid.

Carbuncle (Latin America) – A small creature with a jewel on its head.

Catoblepas (Medieval Bestiary) – Scaled buffalo-hog hybrid.

Cat Sidhe (Scottish) – Fairy cat.

Cecaelia – Modern term for mermaid-like, human-octopus hybrid.

Ceffyl Dŵr (Welsh) – Malevolent water horse.

Centaur (Greek) – Human-horse hybrid.

Cerastes (Greek) – Extremely flexible, horned snake.

Cerberus (Greek) – Three-headed dog that guards the entrance to the underworld.

Cercopes (Greek) – Mischievous forest spirit.

Cericopithicus (Medieval Bestiary) – Apes who always bear twins, one the mother loves, the other it hates.

Ceryneian Hind (Greek) – Hind with golden antlers and bronze or brass hooves.

Cetan (Lakota) – Hawk spirit.

Chakora (Hindu) – Lunar bird.

Chamrosh (Persian) – Dog-bird hybrid.

Chaneque (Aztec) – Little people and nature spirits.

Changeling (European) – Non-human humanoid child (fairy, elf, troll, etc.) substituted for a kidnapped human child.

Charybdis (Greek) – Sea monster in the form of a giant mouth.

Chepi (Narragansett) – Ancestral spirit that instructs tribe members.

Cherufe (Mapuche) – Volcano-dwelling monster.

Chibaiskweda (Abenaki) – Ghost of an improperly buried person.

Chichevache (Medieval folklore) – Human-faced cow that feeds on good women.

Chickcharney (Bahaman) – Bird-mammal hybrid.

Chimaera (Greek) – Lion-goat-snake hybrid.

Chindi (Navajo) – Vengeful ghosts that cause dust devils.

Chinthe (Burmese) – Temple-guarding feline, similar to Chinese Shi and Japanese Shisa.

Chitauli (Zulu) – Human-lizard hybrid.

Chōchinobake (Japanese) – Animated paper lantern.

Chollima (Korean) – Supernaturally fast horse.

Chonchon (Mapuche) – Disembodied, flying head.

Choorile (Guyanese) – Ghost of a woman that died in childbirth.

Chromandi (Medieval Bestiary) – Hairy savages with dog teeth.

Chrysaor (Greek) – Son of the gorgon Medusa, imaged as a giant or a winged boar.

Chukwa (Hindu) – Giant turtle that supports the world.

Churel (Hindu) – Vampiric, female ghost.

Ciguapa (Dominican Republic) – Malevolent seductress.

Cihuateteo (Aztec) – Ghosts of women that died in childbirth.

Cikavac (Serbian) – Bird that serves its owner.

Cinnamon bird (Medieval Bestiaries) – Giant bird that makes its nest out of cinnamon.

Cipactli (Aztec) – Sea monster, crocodile-fish hybrid.

Cirein cròin (Scottish) – Sea serpent.

Cluricaun (Irish) – Leprechaun-like Little people that are permanently drunk

Coblynau (Welsh) – Little people and mine spirits.

Cockatrice (Medieval Bestiaries) – Chicken-lizard hybrid.

Cofgod (English) – Old English term meaning “cove-god”.

Colo Colo (Mapuche) – Rat-bird hybrid that can shapeshift into a serpent.

Corycian nymphs (Greek) – Nymph of the Corycian Cave.

Cretan Bull (Greek) – Monstrous bull.

Crinaeae (Greek) – Fountain nymph.

Criosphinx (Ancient Egypt) – Ram-headed sphinx.

Crocotta (Medieval Bestiaries) – Monstrous dog-wolf.

Cuco (Latin America) – Bogeyman.

Cucuy (Latin America) – Malevolent spirit.

Cuegle (Cantabrian) – Monstrous, three-armed humanoid.

Cuélebre (Asturian and Cantabrian) – Dragon.

Curupira (Tupi) – Nature spirit.

Cu Sith (Scottish) – Gigantic fairy dog.

Cŵn Annwn (Welsh) – Underworld hunting dogs.

Cyclops (Greek) – One-eyed giants.

Cyhyraeth (Welsh) – Death spirit.

Cynocephalus (Medieval Bestiaries) – Dog-headed humanoid.


Dactyl (Greek) – Little people and smith and healing spirits.

Daemon (Greek) – Incorporeal spirit.

Daidarabotchi (Japanese) – Giant responsible for creating many geographical features in Japan.

Daitengu (Japanese) – The most powerful class of tengu, each of whom lives on a separate mountain.

Daitya (Hindu) – Giant.

Danava (Hindu) – Water demon.

Daphnaie (Greek) – Laurel tree nymph.

Datsue-ba (Japanese) – Old woman who steals clothes from the souls of the dead.

Dead Sea Apes (Islamic) – Human tribe turned into apes for ignoring Moses’ message.

Deer Woman (Native American) – Human-deer hybrid.

Deity (Global) – Preternatural or supernatural being.

Demon – Malevolent spirit.

Dhampir (Balkans) – Hybrid between a human and a vampire.

Diao Si Gui (Chinese) – Hanged ghost.

Dilong (Chinese) – Chthonic dragon.

Dip (Catalan) – Demonic and vampiric dog.

Di Penates (Roman) – House spirit.

Dipsa (Medieval Bestiaries) – Extremely poisonous snake.

Dirawong (Australian Aboriginal) – Goanna spirit.

Di sma undar jordi (Gotland) – Little people and nature spirits.

Diwata (Philippine) – Tree spirit.

Dobhar-chu (Irish) – Dog-fish hybrid.

Dodomeki (Japanese) – Ghost of a pickpocket, her arms are covered in eyes.

Do-gakw-ho-wad (Abenaki) – Little people.

Dokkaebi (Korean) – Grotesque, horned humanoids.

Dökkálfar (Norse) – Male ancestral spirits.

Dola (Slavic) – Tutelary and fate spirit.

Domovoi (Slavic) – House spirit.

Doppelgänger (German) – Ghostly double.

Dorotabō (Japanese) – Ghost of an old man whose rice fields were neglected and sold.

Drac (Catalan) – Lion or bull-faced dragon.

Drac (French) – Winged sea serpent.

Dragon (Many cultures worldwide)

Dragon turtle (Chinese) – Giant turtle with dragon-like head.

Draugr (Norse) – Undead.

Drekavac (Slavic) – Restless ghost of an unbaptized child.

Drow (Scottish) – Cavern spirit.

Drude (German) – Possessing demon.

Druk (Bhutanese) – Dragon.

Dryad (Greek) – Tree nymph.

Duende (Spanish) – Little people and forest spirits.

Duergar (English) – Malevolent little people.

Dullahan (Irish) – Headless death spirit.

Duwende (Philippine) – Little people, some are house spirits, others nature spirits.

Dvergr (Norse) – Subterranean little people smiths.

Dvorovoi (Slavic) – Courtyard spirit.

Dwarf (Germanic) – Little people nature spirits.

Dybbuk (Jewish) – A spirit (sometimes the soul of a wicked deceased) that possesses the living.

Dzee-dzee-bon-da (Abenaki) – Hideous monster.

Dzunukwa (Kwakwaka’wakw) – Child-eating hag.


Each Uisge (Scottish) – Malevolent water horse.

Eachy (English and Scottish) – Humanoid lake monster.

Eagle Spirit (Many cultures worldwide) – Leadership or guidance totem.

Ebu Gogo (Flores) – Diminutive humanoids, possibly inspired by Homo floresiensis.

Echeneis (Medieval Bestiaries) – Remora, said to attach to ships to slow them down.

Edimmu (Sumerian) – Ghosts of those not buried properly.

Egbere (Yoruba) – Humanoid that carries a magical mat.

Einherjar (Norse) – Spirits of brave warriors.

Ekek (Philippine) – Flesh-eating, winged humanoids.

Elbow Witch (Ojibwa) – Hags with awls in their elbows.

Eldjötnar (Norse) – Fire giant.

Eleionomae (Greek) – Marsh nymph.

Elemental (Alchemy) – Personification of one of the Classical elements.

‘Elepaio (Hawaiian) – Monarch flycatcher spirit that guides canoe-builders to the proper trees.

Elf (Germanic) – Nature and fertility spirit.

Eloko (Central Africa) – Little people and malevolent nature spirits.

Emela-ntouka (Central Africa) – Gigantic, elephant-killing beast.

Emere (Yoruba) – Child that can move back and forth between the material world and the afterlife at will.

Emim (Jewish) – Giant.

Empusa (Greek) – Female demon that waylays travelers and seduces and kills men.

Encantado (Brazilian) – Dolphin-human shapeshifter.

Enchanted Moor (Portuguese) – Enchanted princesses.

Enenra (Japanese) – Monster made of smoke.

Enfield (Heraldic) – Fox-greyhound-lion-wolf-eagle hybrid.

Enkō (Japanese) – Kappa of Shikoku and western Honshū.

Epimeliad (Greek) – Apple tree nymph.

Er Gui (Chinese) – Hungry ghost.

Erlking (Germanic) – Death spirit.

Erymanthian Boar (Greek) – Giant boar.

Ethiopian Pegasus (Medieval Bestiaries) – Two-horned, winged horse.

Ettin (English) – Three-headed giant.

Eurynomos (Greek) – Blue-black, carrion-eater in the underworld.

Ežerinis (Lithuanian) – Lake spirit.


Fachen (Irish and Scottish) – Monster with half a body.

Fæcce (English) – Old English Animal protection spirit.

Fairy (Many cultures worldwide) – Nature spirits.

Familiar (English) – Animal servant.

Far darrig (Irish) – Little people that constantly play pranks.

Faun (Roman) – Human-goat hybrid nature spirit.

Fear gorta (Irish) – Hunger ghost.

Feathered Serpent – Mesoamerican dragon.

Fenghuang (Chinese) – Rooster-swallow-fowl-snake-goose-tortoise-stag-fish hybrid.

Fenodyree (Manx) – House spirit.

Fenris (Norse) – Gigantic, ravenous wolf.

Fext (Slavic) – Undead.

Finfolk (Orkney) – Fish-human hybrid that kidnaps humans for servants.

Fir Bolg (Irish) – Ancestral race.

Fire Bird (Many cultures worldwide) – Regenerative, solar bird.

Firedrake (Germanic) – Dragon.

Fish-man (Cantabrian) – Amphibious, scaled humanoid.

Fomorian (Irish) – Goat-headed giant.

Forest Bull (Medieval Bestiaries) – Giant, red cattle with swiveling horns.

Freybug – Norfolk black dog.

Fuath (Celtic) – Malevolent water spirit.

Fucanglong (Chinese) – Underworld dragon.

Funayūrei (Japanese) – Ghosts of people who drowned at sea.

Furu-utsubo (Japanese) – Animated jar.

Futakuchi-onna (Japanese) – Woman with a second mouth on the back of her head.

Fylgja (Scandinavian) – Animal familiar.


Gaasyendietha (Seneca) – Dragon.

Gagana (Russian) – Bird with iron beak and copper talons.

Ga-gorib (Khoikhoi) – Anthropophagous monster.

Gagoze (Japanese) – Demon who attacked young priests at Gangō-ji temple.

Gaki (Japanese) – Ghosts of especially greedy people.

Gallu (Mesopotamian) – Underworld demons.

Galtzagorriak (Basque) – Diminutive, demonic servants.

Gamayun (Russian) – Prophetic bird with human head.

Gana (Hindu) – Attendants of Shiva.

Gancanagh (Irish) – Male fairy that seduces human women.

Gandaberunda (Hindu) – Double-headed bird.

Gandharva (Hindu) – Male nature spirits, often depicted as part human, part animal.

Gangi-kozō (Japanese) – Fish-eating water-monster.

Garappa (Japanese) – Kappa from Kyūshū.

Gargouille (French) – Water dragon.

Garmr (Norse) – Giant, ravenous wolf.

Garuda (Hindu) – Human-eagle hybrid.

Gashadokuro (Japanese) – Giant, malevolent skeletons.

Gaueko (Basque) – Wolf capable of walking upright.

Ged (Heraldic) – The fish pike.

Gegenees (Greek) – Six-armed giant.

Genie (Arabian) – Elemental spirit.

Genius loci (Roman) – Spirit that protects a specific place.

German (Slavic) – Male spirit associated with bringing rain and hail.

Geryon (Greek) – Giant with three heads, six arms, three torsos and (in some sources) six legs.

Ghillie Dhu (Scottish) – Tree guardian.

Ghost – Disembodied spirits, specifically of those that have died.

Ghoul (Arabian) – Earth genie. Also a shapeshifting desert anthropophagus.

Giant (mythology)

Giant animal (mythology)

Gichi-anami’e-bizhiw (Ojibwa) – Bison-snake-bird-cougar hybrid and water spirit.

Gidim (Sumerian) – Ghost.

Gigantes (Greek) – Race of giants that fought the Olympian gods, sometimes depicted with snake-legs.

Gigelorum (Scottish) – Smallest animal.

Girtablilu (Akkadian) – Human-scorpion hybrid.

Gjenganger (Scandinavian) – Corporeal ghost.

Glaistig (Scottish) – Human-goat hybrid.

Glashtyn (Manx) – Malevolent water horse.

Gnome (Alchemy) – Diminutive Earth elemental.

Goblin (Medieval) – Grotesque, mischievous little people.

Gog (English) – Giant protector of London.

Gold-digging ant (Medieval Bestiaries) – Dog-sized ant that digs for gold in sandy areas.

Golem (Jewish) – Animated construct.

Gorgades (Medieval Bestiary) – Hairy humanoid.

Gorgon (Greek) – Fanged, snake-haired humanoids that turn anyone who sees them into stone.

Goryō (Japanese) – Vengeful ghosts, usually of martyrs.

Gremlin (Folklore) – Goblins that sabotage airplanes.

Griffin (Heraldic) – Lion-eagle hybrid.

Grigori (Christian) – Fallen angels.

Grim (English and Scandinavian) – Tutelary spirits of churches.

Grindylow (English) – Malevolent water spirit.

Grine (Moroccan) – Genie duplicate of a person. Lives in a parallel world.

Gualichu (Mapuche) – Malevolent spirit.

Gud-elim (Akkadian) – Human-bull hybrid.

Guhin (Japanese) – Anthropomorphic bird.

Gui Po (Chinese) – Ghost that manifests as an old woman.

Gui Shu (Chinese) – Ghostly tree that confuses travelers by moving.

Gulon (Germanic) – Gluttonous dog-cat-fox hybrid.

Gumiho (Korean mythology)- A demon fox with thousands of tails. Believed to possess an army of spirits and magic in its tails.

Gwyllgi (Welsh) – black dog.

Gwyllion (Welsh) – Malevolent spirit.

Gytrash (Lincolnshire and Yorkshire) – black dog.

Gyūki (Japanese) – Bull-headed monster.


Hacker (Scandinavian) – Primitive little people.

Hadhayosh (Persian) – Gigantic land animal.

Haetae (Korean) – Dog-lion hybrid.

Hag (Many cultures worldwide) – Wizened old woman, usually a malevolent spirit with this specific form, or a goddess in disguise.

Haietlik (Nuu-chah-nulth) – Water serpent.

Hai-uri (Khoikhoi) – Male, anthropophagous, partially invisible monster.

Hakutaku (Japanese) – Sheep-like animal.

Hākuturi (Māori) – Nature guardian.

Half-elf (Norse) – Hybrid of a human and an elf.

Haltija (Finnish) – Spirit that protects a specific place.

Hamadryad (Greek) – Oak tree nymph.

Hamingja (Scandinavian) – Personal protection spirit.

Hamsa (Buddhist, Hindu, and Jainism) – Mystical bird.

Hanau epe (Rapa Nui) – Long-eared humanoid.

Hantu Air (Malay) – Shapeshifting water spirit.

Hantu Demon (Philippine) – Demon.

Hantu Raya (Malay) – Demonic servant.

Harionago (Japanese) – Humanoid female with barbed, prehensile hair.

Harpy (Greek) – Death spirit with the form of a bird with a human head.

Haugbui (Norse) – Undead who cannot leave its burial mound.

Havsrå (Norse) – Saltwater spirit.

Headless Mule (Brazilian) – Fire-spewing, headless, spectral mule.

Hecatonchires (Greek) – Primordial giants with 100 hands and fifty heads.

Heikegani (Japanese) – Crabs with human-faced shells, the spirits of the warriors killed in the Battle of Dan-no-ura.

Heinzelmännchen (German) – Household spirit.

Helead (Greek) – Fen nymph.

Hellhound (Many cultures worldwide) – Dog from underworld.

Hercinia (Medieval Bestiaries) – Glowing bird.

Herensuge (Basque) – Dragon.

Hesperides (Greek) – Nymph daughters of Atlas.

Hiderigami (Japanese) – Drought spirit.

Hieracosphinx (Ancient Egypt) – Falcon-headed sphinx.

Hihi (Japanese) – Baboon monster.

Hiisi (Finnish) – Nature guardian.

Hippocamp (Etruscan, Greek, and Phoenician) – Horse-fish hybrid.

Hippogriff (Medieval Bestiaries) – Hybrid of a griffon and horse, that is a lion-eagle-horse hybrid.

Hippopodes (Medieval Bestiary) – Horse-hoofed humanoid.

Hitodama (Japanese) – Ghosts of the newly dead, which take the form of fireballs.

Hitotsume-kozou (Japanese) – One-eyed little people.

Hob (English) – House spirit.

Hobbididance (English) – Malevolent spirit.

Hobgoblin (Medieval) – Friendly or amusing goblin.

Hōkō (Japanese) – Dog-like tree spirit from China.

Homa (Persian) – Eagle-lion hybrid, similar to a griffin.

Hombre Caiman (Colombian) – Human-alligator hybrid.

Hombre Gato (Latin America) – Human-cat hybrid.

Homunculus (Alchemy) – Diminutive, animated construct.

Hone-onna (Japanese) – Skeletal ghost that take the form of a young woman to seduce men.

Hō-ō (Japanese) – Rooster-swallow-fowl-snake-goose-tortoise-stag-fish hybrid.

Hoopoe – A near passerine bird common to Africa and Eurasia that features in many mythologies in those continents.

Horned Serpent (Native American) – Serpentine rain spirit.

Hotoke (Japanese) – Deceased person.

Houri (Islamic) – Heavenly beings.

Hrímþursar (Norse) – Frost Giant.

Huaychivo (Mayan) – Human-deer hybrid.

Huldra (Norse) – Forest spirit.

Huli jing (Chinese) – Nine-tailed fox spirit.

Huma (Persian) – Regenerative fire bird.

Humbaba (Akkadian) – Lion-faced giant.

Hundun (Chinese) – Chaos spirit.

Hupia (Taíno) – Nocturnal ghost.

Hyakume (Japanese) – Creature with a hundred eyes.

Hydra (Greek) – Multi-headed water serpent/dragon.

Hydros (Medieval Bestiary) – Snake whose poison causes the victim to swell up.

Hydrus (Medieval Bestiary) – Snake from the Nile River that would kill crocodiles from the inside.

Hyōsube (Japanese) – Hair-covered kappa.

Hyōtan-kozō (Japanese) – Gourd spirit.

Hypnalis (Medieval Bestiary) – Snake that kills its victims in their sleep.


Iannic-ann-ôd (Breton) – Ghost of a drowned person.

Iara (Brazilian) – Female water spirit.

Ibong Adarna (Philippine) – Bird that changes color each time it finishes a song.

Ichimoku-nyūdō (Japanese) – One-eyed kappa from Sado Island.

Ichiren-Bozu (Japanese) – Animated prayer beads.

Ichneumon (Medieval Bestiaries) – Dragon-killing animal.

Ichthyocentaur (Greek) – Human-fish hybrid.

Iele (Romanian) – Female nature spirits.

Ifrit (Arabian) – Fire genie.

Ijiraq (Inuit) – Spirit that kidnaps children.

Ikiryō (Japanese) – can be considered a ‘living ghost’, as it is a person’s spirit outside their body.

Ikuchi (Japanese) – Sea-serpent that travels over boats in an arc while dripping oil.

Iku-Turso (Finnish) – Sea monster.

Il-Belliegħa (Maltese) – Malevolent well spirit.

Imp (Medieval) – Diminutive, demonic servant.

Impundulu (Southern Africa) – Avian, vampiric lightning spirit

Imugi (Korean) – Flightless, dragon-like creatures (sometimes thought of as proto-dragons).

Inapertwa (Aboriginal) – Simple organisms, used by creator-gods to make everything else.

Incubus (Medieval folklore) – Male night-demon and rapist.

Indrik (Russian) – One-horned horse-bull hybrid.

Indus Worm (Medieval Bestiaries) – Giant, white, carnivorous worm.

Inkanyamba (Zulu) – Horse-headed serpent.

Inugami (Japanese) – Dog spirit.

Ipotane (Greek) – Horse-human hybrid, two-legged (as opposed to the four-legged centaur).

Ippon-datara (Japanese) – One-legged mountain spirit.

Iratxoak (Basque) – Diminutive, demonic servants.

Irin (Jewish) – Fallen angels.

Ishigaq (Inuit) – Little people.

Island Satyr (Medieval Bestiaries) – Savage human-goat hybrid from a remote island chain.

Isonade (Japanese) – Shark-like sea monster

Ittan-momen (Japanese) – Ghostly aerial phenomenon that attacks people.

Iwana-bōzu (Japanese) – Char which appeared as a Buddhist monk.


Jack-In-Irons (English) – Malevolent giant.

Jaculus (Medieval Bestiaries) – Winged serpent or small dragon.

Jakotsu-babaa (Japanese) – Old woman who guards a snake mound.

Jasconius (Medieval folklore) – Island-sized fish.

Jasy Jaterei (Guaraní) – Nature guardian and bogeyman.

Jatai (Japanese) – Obi which has transformed into a snake.

Jaud (Slavic) – Vampirised premature baby.

Jenglot (Malay) – Vampiric little people.

Jengu (Sawa) – Water spirit.

Jentil (Basque) – Megalith-building giant.

Jenu (Mi’kmaq) – Anthropophagous giant.

Jerff (Swedish) – Gluttonous dog-cat-fox hybrid.

Jian (Chinese) – One-eyed, one-winged bird who requires a mate for survival.

Jiang Shi (Chinese) – Life-draining, reanimated corpse.

Jiaolong (Chinese) – Dragon.

Jibakurei (Japanese) – Spirit that protects a specific place.

Jievaras (Lithuanian) – House spirit.

Jikininki (Japanese) – Corpse-eating ghost.

Jiu tou niao (Chinese) – Nine-headed, demonic bird.

Jogah (Iroquois) – Little people nature spirit.

Jörmungandr (Norse) – Sea serpent.

Jorōgumo (Japanese) – Spider spirit.

Jotai (Japanese) – Animated folding screen cloth.

Jötunn (Norse) – Gigantic nature spirits.

Jumbee (Guyanese) – Malevolent spirit.


Kabouter (Dutch) – Little people that live underground, in mushrooms, or as house spirits.

Kachina (Hopi and Puebloan) – Nature spirit.

Kage-onna (Japanese) – Shadow of a woman cast on the paper doors of a haunted house.

Kahaku (Japanese) – Little people and water spirits.

Kajsa (Scandinavian) – Wind spirit.

Kalakeyas (Hindu) – Descendents of Kala.

Kallikantzaroi (Greek) – Grotesque, malevolent spirit.

Kamaitachi (Japanese) – Wind spirit.

Kami (Japanese) – Nature spirit.

Kamikiri (Japanese) – Hair-cutting spirit.

Kanbari-nyūdō (Japanese) – Bathroom spirit.

Kanbo (Japanese) – Drought spirit.

Kanedama (Japanese) – Money spirit.

Kappa (Japanese) – Little people and water spirits.

Kapre (Philippine) – Malevolent tree spirit.

Karakoncolos (Bulgarian and Turkish) – Troublesome spirit.

Karakura (Turkish) – Male night-demon.

Karasu-tengu (Japanese) – Tengu with a bird’s bill.

Karkadann (Persian) – One-horned giant animal.

Karkinos (Greek) – Giant crab.

Karura (Japanese) – Eagle-human hybrid.

Karzełek (Polish) – Little people and mine spirits.

Kasa-obake (Japanese) – Animated parasol.

Kasha (Japanese) – Cat-like demon which descends from the sky and carries away corpses.

Kashanbo (Japanese) – Kappa who climb into the mountains for the winter.

Katawa-guruma (Japanese) – Woman riding on a flaming wheel.

Katsura-otoko (Japanese) – Handsome man from the moon.

Kaukas (Lithuanian) – Nature spirit.

Kawa-akago (Japanese) – Infant monster that lurks near rivers and drowns people.

Kawa-uso (Japanese) – Supernatural river otter.

Kawa-zaru (Japanese) – Smelly, cowardly water spirit.

Keelut (Inuit) – Hairless dog.

Kee-wakw (Abenaki) – Anthropophagous giant.

Kekkai (Japanese) – Amorphous afterbirth spirit.

Kelpie (Irish and Scottish) – Malevolent water horse.

Ker (Greek) – Female death spirit.

Kerakera-onna (Japanese) – Giant, cackling woman who appears in the sky.

Kesaran-pasaran (Japanese) – Mysterious, white, fluffy creature.

Keukegen (Japanese) – Disease spirit.

Keythong (Heraldic) – Wingless griffin.

Khalkotauroi (Greek) – Bronze-hoofed bulls.

Kigatilik (Inuit) – Night-demon.

Kijimunaa (Japanese) – Tree sprite from Okinawa.

Kijo (Japanese) – She-devil.

Kikimora (Slavic) – Female house spirit.

Killmoulis (English and Scottish) – Ugly, mischievous mill spirit.

Kinnara (Hindu) – Human-bird hybrid.

Kishi (Angola) – Malevolent, two-faced seducer.

Kitsune (Japanese) – Fox spirit.

Kitsune-Tsuki (Japanese) – Person possessed by a fox spirit.

Kiyohime (Japanese) – Woman who transformed into a serpent-demon out of the rage of unrequited love.

Klabautermann (German) – Ship spirit.

Knocker (folklore) (Cornish and Welsh) – Little people and mine spirits.

Knucker (English) – Water dragon.

Kobalos (Greek) – Shape-shifting thieves and tricksters.

Kobold (German) – Little people and mine or house spirits.

Kodama (Japanese) – Tree spirit.

Kofewalt (Germanic) – House spirit.

Ko-gok (Abenaki) – Hideous monster.

Kokakuchō (Japanese) – Ubume bird.

Koma-inu (Japanese) – Protective animal.

Konaki-Jijii (Japanese) – Infant that cries until it is picked up, then increases its weight and crushes its victim.

Kongamoto (Congo) – Flying creature.

Konoha-tengu (Japanese) – Anthropomorphic bird.

Koro-pok-guru (Ainu) – Little people.

Korrigan (Breton) – Little people and nature spirits.

Kosode-no-te (Japanese) – Short-sleeved kimono with its own hands.

Kraken (Scandinavian) – Sea monster.

Krasnoludek (Slavic) – Little people nature spirits.

Krasue (Southeast Asian) – Vampiric, floating head.

Kuarahy Jára (Guaraní) – Forest spirit.

Kubikajiri (Japanese) – Headless ghost.

Kuchisake-onna (Japanese) – Vengeful ghost of a woman mutilated by her husband.

Kuda-gitsune (Japanese) – Miniature fox spirit.

Kudan (Japanese) – Human-faced calf which predicts a calamity and then dies.

Kui (Chinese) – One-legged monster.

Kulshedra (Albanian) – Drought-causing dragon.

Kumakatok (Philippine) – Death spirits.

Kumiho (Korean) – Fox spirit.

Kun (Chinese) – Giant fish.

Kupua (Hawaiian) – Shapeshifting tricksters.

Kurabokko (Japanese) – Guardian spirit of a warehouse.

Kurage-no-hinotama (Japanese) – Jellyfish which floats through the air as a fireball.

Kurupi (Guaraní) – Wild man and fertility spirit.

Kushtaka (Tlingit) – Shapeshifting otter spirit.

Kye-ryong (Korean) – Chicken-lizard hybrid.

Kyōkotsu (Japanese) – Ghost of a corpse discarded in a well.

Kyourinrin (Japanese) – Animated scroll or paper.

Kyūbi-no-kitsune (Japanese) – Nine-tailed fox.

Kyūketsuki (Japanese) – Vampire.


La-bar-tu (Assyrian) – Disease demon.

Labbu (Akkadian) – Sea snake.

La chusa (Spanish) – Death spirit.

Lady midday (Slavic) – Sunstroke spirit.

Laelaps (Greek) – Enchanted dog that always caught his prey.

Laestrygonians (Greek) – Anthropophagic giants.

Lakanica (Slavic) – Field spirit.

Lake monster (Worldwide) – Gigantic animals reputed to inhabit various lakes around the world.

La Llorona (Latin America) – Death spirit associated with drowning.

Lambton Worm (English) – Giant worm.

Lamia (Greek) – Child-devouring monster.

Lamiak (Basque) – Water spirit with bird feet.

Lammasu (Akkadian and Sumerian) – Protective spirit with the form of a winged bull or lion with a human head.

La Mojana (Colombian) – Shapeshifting, female water spirit.

Lampades (Greek) – Underworld nymph.

Landvættir (Norse) – Nature spirits.

Lares (Roman) – House spirit.

La Sayona (Venezuela) – Female ghost that punishes unfaithful husbands.

La Tunda (Colombian) – Nature spirit that seduces and kills men.

Laukų dvasios (Lithuanian) – Field spirit.

Lauma (Baltic) – Sky spirit.

Lavellan (Scottish) – Gigantic water rat.

Leanashe (Irish) – Possessing spirit or vampire.

Leimakids (Greek) – Meadow nymph.

Lenanshee (Celtic) – Fairy lover.

Leokampoi (Etruscan) – Fish-tailed lion.

Leontophone (Medieval Bestiary) – Tiny animal poisonous to lions.

Leprechaun (Irish) – Cobbler spirit.

Leszi (Slavic) – Tree spirit.

Leuce (Greek) – White poplar tree nymph.

Leucrota (Medieval Bestiary) – Hybrid of a lion and crocotta.

Leviathan (Jewish) – Sea monster.

Leyak (Balinese) – Anthropophagous flying head with entrails.

Libyan Aegipanes (Medieval Bestiaries) – Human-horse hybrid.

Libyan Satyr (Medieval Bestiaries) – Human-goat hybrid.

Lidérc (Hungary) – Magical chicken that transforms into a humanoid.

Lightning Bird (Southern Africa) – Magical bird that can be found at sites of lightning strikes.

Likho (Slavic) – One-eyed hag or goblin.

Lilin (Jewish) – Night-demoness.

Lilitu (Assyrian) – Winged demon.

Limnades (Greek) – Lake nymph.

Lindworm (Germanic) – Dragon.

Lizardman (Global) – Human-lizard hybrid.

Ljósálfar (Norse) – Sunlight spirit.

Llamhigyn Y Dwr (Welsh) – Frog-bat-lizard hybrid.

Lo-lol (Abenaki) – Hideous monster.

Lóng – Chinese dragon.

Longana (Italian) – Female human-goat hybrid and water spirit.

Long Ma (Chinese) – Dragon-horse hybrid.

Loogaroo (French America) – Shapeshifting, female vampire.

Lou Carcolh (French) – Snake-mollusk hybrid.

Lubber fiend (English) – House spirit.

Luduan (Chinese) – Truth-detecting animal.

Luison (Guaraní) – Death spirit.

Lutin (French) – Amusing goblin.

Lynx (Medieval Bestiaries) – Feline guide spirit.


Maa-alused (Estonian) – Subterranean spirit.

Machlyes (Medieval Bestiary) – Hermaphroditic humanoid.

Macrocephali (Medieval Bestiary) – Giant-headed humanoid.

Madremonte (Colombian) – Nature guardian.

Maero (Māori) – Savage, arboreal humanoids.

Magog (English) – Giant protector of London.

Maha-pudma (Hindu) – Giant elephant that holds up the world.

Maikubi (Japanese) – Quarreling heads of three dead miscreants.

Mairu (Basque) – Megalith-building giant.

Mājas gari (Latvian) – Benevolent house spirit.

Majin (Japanese) – Magical beings.

Makara (Indian) – Aquatic beings.

Makura-gaeshi (Japanese) – Pillow-moving spirit.

Mami Wata (Africa and the African diaspora) – Supernaturally beautiful water spirits.

Manananggal (Philippine) – Vampires that sever their torsos from their legs to fly around.

Mandi (Medieval Bestiary) – Humanoid with a forty-year lifespan.

Mandrake (Medieval folklore) – Diminutive, animated construct.

Manes (Roman) – Ancestral spirits.

Mannegishi (Cree) -Little people with six fingers and no noses.

Manticore (Persian) – Lion-human-scorpion hybrid.

Mapinguari (Brazilian) – Giant sloth.

Mara (Scandinavian) – Female night-demon.

Marabbecca (Italian) – Malevolent water spirit.

Mareikura (Tuamotu) – Attendant of Kiho-tumu, the supreme god.

Mares of Diomedes (Greek) – Man-eating horses.

Marid (Arabian) – Water genie.

Maro deivės (Lithuanian) – Disease spirits.

Maski-mon-gwe-zo-os (Abenaki) – Shapeshifting toad spirit.

Massacooramaan (Guyanese) – Savage woodland humanoid.

Matagot (French) – Spirit that takes animal form, usually a black cat.

Mayura (Hindu) – Peacock spirit.

Mazikeen (Jewish) – Invisible, malevolent spirit.

Mbói Tu’ĩ (Guaraní) – Snake-parrot hybrid.

Mbwiri (Central Africa) – Possessing demon.

Mekurabe (Japanese) – Multiplying skulls that menaced Taira no Kiyomori in his courtyard.

Meliae (Greek) – Ash tree nymph.

Melusine (Medieval folklore) – Female water spirit, with the form of a winged mermaid.

Menehune (Hawaiian) – Little people and craftsmen.

Menninkäinen (Finnish) – Little people and nature spirits.

Merfolk (Worldwide) – Human-fish hybrid.

Merlion (Singapore) – Combination of a lion and a fish, the symbol of Singapore.

Merrow (Irish and Scottish) – Human-fish hybrid.

Metee-kolen-ol (Abenaki) – Ice-hearted wizards.

Miage-nyūdō (Japanese) – Spirit which grows as fast as you can look up at it.

Mikoshi-nyūdō (Japanese) – Spirit which grows as fast as you can look up at it.

Mimi (Australian Aboriginal) – Extremely elongated humanoid that has to live in rock crevasses to avoid blowing away.

Minka Bird (Australian Aboriginal) – Death spirit.

Minotaur (Greek) – Human-bull hybrid.

Mishibizhiw (Ojibwa) – Feline water spirit.

Misi-ginebig (Ojibwa) – Serpentine rain spirit.

Misi-kinepikw (Cree) – Serpentine rain spirit.

Mizuchi (Japanese) – Water dragon.

Mogwai (Chinese) – Vengeful ghost or demon.

Mohan (Latin America) – Nature spirit.

Mokoi (Australian Aboriginal) – Malevolent spirit that kills sorcerers.

Mokumokuren (Japanese) – Spirits that live in torn shōji.

Momonjii (Japanese) – Old man that meets victims at the fork of every road.

Moñái (Guaraní) – Giant snake with antennae.

Monocerus (Medieval Bestiary) – One-horned stag-horse-elephant-boar hybrid, sometimes treated as distinct from the unicorn.

Mono Grande (South America) – Giant monkey.

Monopod (Medieval Bestiaries) – Dwarf with one giant foot.

Mooinjer veggey (Manx) – Nature spirit.

Moon-Gazer (Guyanese) – Brain-eating spirit.

Mora (Slavic) – Disembodied spirit.

Morgens (Breton and Welsh) – Water spirits.

Morinji-no-okama (Japanese) – Animated tea kettle.

Mormolykeia (Greek) – Underworld spirit.

Moroi (Romanian) – Vampiric ghost.

Mōryō (Japanese) – Long-eared, corpse-eating spirit.

Moss people (Germanic) – Little people and tree spirits.

Mujina (Japanese) – Shapeshifting badger spirit.

Mula Retinta (Colombian) – Malevolent storm spirit that takes the form of a mule.

Muldjewangk (Australian Aboriginal) – Water monster.

Muma Pădurii (Romanian) – Forest-dwelling hag.

Muscaliet (Medieval Bestiary) – Extremely hot hare-squirrel-boar hybrid.

Muse (Greek) – Spirits that inspire artists.

Musimon (Heraldic) – Sheep-goat hybrid.

Myling (Scandinavian) – Ghosts of unbaptized children.

Myōbu (Japanese) – Fox spirit.

Myrmecoleon (Medieval Bestiaries) – Ant-lion hybrid.


Nachzehrer (German) – Anthropophagous undead.

Nāga (Buddhist and Hindu) – Nature and water spirits, serpentine or human-serpent hybrids.

Naga fireballs (Thai) – Spectral fire.

Nagual (Mesoamerica) – Human-animal shapeshifter.

Naiad (Greek) – Freshwater nymph.

Näkki (Finnish) – Water spirit.

Namahage (Japanese) – Ritual disciplinary demon from the Oga Peninsula.

Namazu (Japanese) – Giant catfish whose thrashing causing earthquakes.

Nando-baba (Japanese) – Old woman who hides under the floor in abandoned storerooms.

Nanom-keea-po-da (Abenaki) – Earthquake spirit.

Napaeae (Greek) – Grotto nymph.

Narecnitsi (Slavic) – Fate spirit.

Naree Pons (Thai) – Pod people.

Nargun (Gunai) – Water monster.

Narikama (Japanese) – Kettle spirit.

Nasnas (Arabian) – Half-human, half-demon creature with half a body.

Nav’ (Slavic) – Ghost.

Nawao (Hawaiian) – Savage humanoid.

N-dam-keno-wet (Abenaki) – Fish-human hybrid.

Nebutori (Japanese) – Mystical disease which causes women to grow fat and lethargic.

Negret (Catalan) – Little people that turn into coins.

Nekomata (Japanese) – Split-tailed magical cat.

Nekomusume (Japanese) – Cat in the form of a girl.

Nemean Lion (Greek) – Lion with impenetrable skin.

Nephilim (Jewish) – Giant.

Nereid (Greek) – Nymph daughters of Nereus.

Ngen (Mapuche) – Nature spirit.

Nguruvilu (Mapuche) – Fox-like water snake.

Nian (Chinese) – Predatory animal.

Nightmarchers (Hawaiian) – Warrior ghosts.

Nikusui (Japanese) – Monster which appears as a young woman and sucks all of the flesh off of its victim’s body.

Nimerigar (Shoshone) – Aggressive little people.

Ningyo (Japanese) – Monkey-fish hybrid.

Ninki Nanka (Western Africa) – Large reptile, possibly a dragon.

Nisse (Scandinavian) – House spirit.

Níðhöggr (Norse) – Dragon.

Nivatakavachas (Hindu) – Ocean demon.

Nix (Germanic) – Female water spirit.

Nobusuma (Japanese) – Supernatural wall. Also a monstrous flying squirrel.

Nocnitsa (Slavic) – Nightmare spirit.

Noppera-bō (Japanese) – Faceless ghost.

Nozuchi (Japanese) – Small sea serpent.

Nuckelavee (Scottish) – Malevolent human-horse-fish hybrid.

Nue (Japanese) – Monkey-raccoon dog-tiger-snake hybrid.

Nu Gui (Chinese) – Vengeful female ghost.

Nukekubi (Japanese) – Disembodied, flying head that attacks people.

Nuku-mai-tore (Māori) – Forest spirit.

Nuli (Medieval Bestiary) – Humanoid with backwards, eight-towed feet.

Numen (Roman) – Tutelary spirit.

Nuno (Philippine) – Malevolent little people.

Nuppefuhofu (Japanese) – Animated lump of decaying human flesh.

Nuppeppo (Japanese) – Animated chuck of dead flesh.

Nurarihyon (Japanese) – Creature who sneaks into houses on busy evenings.

Nure-onna (Japanese) – Female monster who appears on the beach.

Nuribotoke (Japanese) – Animated corpse with blackened flesh and dangling eyeballs.

Nurikabe (Japanese) – Spirit that manifests as an endless wall.

Nykštukas (Lithuanian) – Cavern spirit.

Nymph (Greek) – Nature spirit.

Nyūbachibō (Japanese) – Mortar spirit.


Obake (Japanese) – Shapeshifting spirits.

Obambo (Central African) – Homeless ghost.

Obariyon (Japanese) – Spook which rides piggyback on a human victim and becomes unbearably heavy.

Obayifo (Ashanti) – Vampiric possession spirit.

Obia (West Africa) – Gigantic animal that serves witches.

Oboro-guruma (Japanese) – Ghostly oxcart with the face of its driver.

Oceanid (Greek) – Nymph daughters of Oceanus.

Odei (Basque) – Storm spirit.

Odmience (Slavic) – Changeling.

Og (Jewish) – Giant king of the Amorites.

Ogre (Medieval folklore) – Large, grotesque humanoid.

Ohaguro-bettari (Japanese) – Female ghost lacking all facial features except for a large, black-toothed smile.

Oiwa (Japanese) – Ghost of a woman with a distorted face who was murdered by her husband.

Ōkamuro (Japanese) – Giant face which appears at the door.

Okiku (Japanese) – Plate-counting ghost of a servant girl.

Ōkubi (Japanese) – Death spirit that manifests as a giant head.

Okuri-inu (Japanese) – Dog or wolf that follows travelers at night. Similar to the Black dog of English folklore.

Ole-Higue (Guyanese) – Vampiric hag who takes the form of a fireball at night.

Ōmukade (Japanese) – Giant, human-eating centipede that lives in the mountains.

Oni (Japanese) – Large, grotesque humanoid.

Onibi (Japanese) – Spectral fire.

Onikuma (Japanese) – Monstrous bear.

Onmoraki (Japanese) – Bird-demon created from the spirits of freshly-dead corpses.

Onocentaur (Medieval Bestiaries) – Human-donkey hybrid.

Onoskelis (Greek) – Shapeshifting demon.

Onryō (Japanese) – Vengeful ghost that manifests in physical (rather than spectral) form.

Onza (Aztec and Latin American folklore) – Wild cat, possibly a subspecies of cougar.

Oozlum bird (Unknown origin) – Bird that flies backwards.

Ophiotaurus (Greek) – Bull-serpent hybrid.

Opinicus (Heraldic) – Lion-eagle hybrid, similar to a griffin, but with leonine forelimbs.

Orang Bunian (Malay) – Forest spirit.

Orang Minyak (Malay) – Spectral rapist.

Ördög (Hungarian) – Shapeshifting demon.

Oread (Greek) – Mountain nymph.

Ork (Tyrolean) – Little people and house spirits.

Orobas (European) – Horse-headed, honest oracle classed as a demon.

Orphan Bird (Medieval Bestiaries) – Peacock-eagle-swan-crane hybrid.

Orthrus (Greek) – Two-headed dog.

Otoroshi (Japanese) – Hairy creature that perches on the gates to shrines and temples.

Otso (Finnish) – Bear spirit.

Ouroboros (Worldwide) – Mystic serpent/dragon that eats its own tail.

Ovinnik (Slavic) – Malevolent threshing house spirit.


Paasselkä devils (Finnish) – Spectral fire.

Pamola (Abenaki) – Weather spirit.

Panes (Greek) – Human-goat hybrids descended from the god Pan.

Pandi (Medieval Bestiary) – Humanoid with giant ears, eight fingers and toes, and white hair.

Panis (Hindu) – Demons with herds of stolen cows.

Panlong (Chinese) – Water dragon.

Panotti (Medieval Bestiaries) – Humanoid with gigantic ears.

Panther (Medieval Bestiaries) – Feline with sweet breath.

Parandrus (Medieval Bestiaries) – Shapeshifting animal whose natural form was a large ruminant.

Pard (Medieval Bestiaries) – Fast, spotted feline believed to mate with lions to produce leopards.

Pardalokampoi (Etruscan) – Fish-tailed panther.

Patagon (Medieval folklore) – Giant race reputed to live in the area of Patagonia.

Patasola (Latin America) – Anthropophagous, one-legged humanoid.

Patupairehe (Māori) – White-skinned nature spirits.

Pech (Scottish) – Strong little people.

Pegaeae (Greek) – Spring nymph.

Pelesit (Malay) – Servant spirit.

Peluda (French) – Dragon.

Penanggalan (Philippine) – Vampires that sever their heads from their bodies to fly around, usually with their intestines or other internal organs trailing behind.

Peng (Chinese) – Giant bird.

Penghou (Chinese) – Tree spirit.

Peri (Persian) – Winged humanoid.

Peryton (Allegedly Medieval folklore) – Deer-bird hybrid.

Pesanta (Catalan) – Nightmare demon in the form of a cat or dog.

Peuchen (Chilota and Mapuche) – Vampiric, flying, shapeshifting serpent.

Phoenix (Phoenician) – Regenerative bird.

Piasa (Native American) – Winged, antlered feline.

Piatek (Armenian) – Large land animal.

Pictish Beast (Pictish stones) – Stylistic animal, possibly a dragon.

Pillan (Mapuche) – Nature spirit.

Pim-skwa-wagen-owad (Abenaki) – Water spirit.

Piru (Finnish) – Minor demon.

Pishacha (Hindu) – Carrion-eating demon.

Pita-skog (Abenaki) – Serpentine rain spirit.

Pixie (Cornish) – Little people and nature spirits.

Pixiu (Chinese) – Winged lion.

Pi yao (Chinese) – Horned, dragon-lion hybrid.

Plakavac (Slavic) – Vampire created when a mother strangles her child.

Pok-wejee-men (Abenaki) – Tree spirit.

Polevik (Polish) – Little people and field spirits.

Pollo Maligno (Colombian) – Man-eating chicken spirit.

Polong (Malay) – Invisible servant spirit.

Poltergeist (German) – Ghost that moves objects.

Pombero (Guaraní) – Wild man and nature spirit.

Ponaturi (Māori) – Grotesque, malevolent humanoid.

Pontianak (Malay) – Undead, vampiric women who died in childbirth.

Poukai (Māori) – Giant bird.

Preta (Buddhist, Hindu, and Jainist) – Ghosts of especially greedy people.

Pricolici (Romanian) – Undead wolf.

Psoglav (Serbia) – Dog-headed monster.

Psotnik (Slavic) – Mischievous spirit.

Psychai (Greek) – Butterfly-winged nymphs, daughters of Psyche.

Pterippus (Greek) – Winged horse.

Púca (Welsh) – Shapeshifting animal spirit.

Púki (Icelandic) – malevolent little person.

Puck (English) – House spirit.

Putz (German) – house spirit.

Pugot (Philippine) – Headless humanoid.

Puk (Frisian) – house spirit.

Pūķis (Latvian) – Malevolent house spirit.

Pygmy (Greek) – Little people.

Pyrausta (Greek) – Insect-dragon hybrid.

Python (Greek) – Serpentine dragon.


Qareen (Islamic) – Personal demon.

Qilin (Chinese) – Dragon-ox-deer hybrid.

Qiqirn (Inuit) – Large, bald dog spirit.

Qliphoth (Jewish) – Evil spirits.

Questing Beast (Arthurian legend) – Serpent-leopard-lion-hart hybrid.

Quinotaur (Frankish) – Five-horned bull.


Rå (Norse) – Spirit that protects a specific place.

Rabisu (Akkadian) – Vampiric spirit that ambushes people.

Radande (Unknown) – Tree spirit.

Ragana (Lithuanian) – Malevolent wizard.

Raiju (Japanese) – Lightning spirit.

Rain Bird (Native American) – Rain spirit.

Rainbow crow (Lenape) – Crow spirit.

Rainbow Fish (Hindu) – Whale-sized, multicolored fish.

Rainbow Serpent (Australian Aboriginal) – Dragon.

Rakshasa (Buddhist and Hindu) – Shapeshifting demons.

Ramidreju (Spanish) – Extremely long, weasel-like animal.

Raróg (Slavic) – Whirlwind spirit.

Raven Mocker (Cherokee) – Life-draining spirit.

Raven Spirit (Native American, Norse, and Siberian) – Trickster spirit.

Redcap (English) – Malevolent, grotesque humanoid.

Re’em (Jewish) – Gigantic land animal.

Reichsadler (Heraldic) – Eagle, sometimes depicted with two heads.

Rephaite (Jewish) – Giant.

Revenant (Medieval folklore) – Reanimated dead.

Roc (Arabian and Persian) – Gigantic bird.

Rokurokubi (Japanese) – Long-necked, humanoid tricksters.

Rompo (Africa and India) – Skeletal creature with elements of a rabbit, badger, and bear.

Rồng – (Vietnamese) Dragon.

Rougarou (French America) – Human-wolf shapeshifter.

Rusalka (Slavic) – Female water spirit.

Ryū – Japanese dragon.


Saci (Brazilian) – One-legged nature-spirit.

Sagari (Japanese) – Horse’s head that dangles from trees on Kyūshū.

Sakabashira (Japanese) – Haunted pillar, installed upside-down.

Salamander (Alchemy) – Fire elemental.

Samebito (Japanese) – Shark demon.

Samodiva (Slavic) – Nature spirit.

Sandwalker (Arabian) – Camel-stealing, giant arthropod.

Sânziană (Romanian) – Nature spirit.

Sarimanok (Philippine) – Bird of good fortune.

Sarngika (Hindu) – Bird spirit.

Sarugami (Japanese) – Wicked monkey spirit which was defeated by a dog.

Satori (Japanese) – Mind-reading humanoid.

Satyr (Greek) – Human-goat hybrid and fertility spirit.

Satyrus (Medieval Bestiary) – Apes who always bear twins, one the mother loves, the other it hates.

Sazae-oni (Japanese) – Shapeshifting turban snail spirit.

Sceadugenga (English) – Shapeshifting undead.

Scitalis (Medieval Bestiaries) – Snake which mesmerizes its prey.

Scorpion Man (Sumerian) – Human-scorpion hybrid.

Scylla (Greek) – Human-snake-wolf hybrid with a snake’s tail, twelve wolf legs, and six long-necked wolf heads.

Sea-bee (Heraldic) – Fish-tailed bee.

Sea monk (Medieval folklore) – Fish-like humanoid.

Sea monster (Worldwide) – Giant, marine animals.

Sea serpent (Worldwide) – Serpentine sea monster.

Sea-Wyvern (Heraldic) – Fish-tailed wyvern.

Seko (Japanese) – Water spirit which can be heard making merry at night.

Selkie (Faroese, Icelandic, Irish, and Scottish) – Human-seal shapeshifter.

Senpoku-Kanpoku (Japanese) – Human-faced frog which guides the souls of the newly deceased to the graveyard.

Seps (Medieval Bestiaries) – Snake with highly corrosive venom.

Serpent (Worldwide) – Snake spirit.

Serpopard (Ancient Egypt) – Serpent-leopard hybrid.

Setotaishō (Japanese) – Warrior composed of discarded earthenware.

Shachihoko (Japanese) – Tiger-carp hybrid.

Shade (Worldwide) – Spiritual imprint.

Shahbaz (Persian) – Giant eagle or hawk.

Shang-Yang (Chinese) – Rain bird.

Shedim (Jewish) – Chicken-legged demon.

Shedu (Akkadian and Sumerian) – Protective spirit with the form of a winged bull or lion with a human head.

Shellycoat (English, Scottish and German, as schellenrocc) – Water spirit.

Shen (Chinese) – Shapeshifing sea monster.

Shenlong (Chinese) – Weather dragon.

Shibaten (Japanese) – Water spirit from Shikoku.

Shikigami (Japanese) – Child-sized servant spirit.

Shiki-ōji (Japanese) – Child-sized servant spirit.

Shikome (Japanese) – Underworld hag.

Shin (Japanese) – Giant clam which creates mirages.

Shiro-bōzu (Japanese) – White, faceless spirit.

Shirouneri (Japanese) – Animated mosquito netting or dust cloth.

Shiryō (Japanese) – Spirit of a dead person.

Shisa (Japanese) – Lion-dog hybrid.

Shishi (Chinese) – Protective animal.

Shōjō (Japanese) – Red-haired sea-sprites who love alcohol.

Shōkera (Japanese) – Creature that peers in through skylights.

Shtriga (Albanian) – An evil or dangerous witch.

Shui Gui (Chinese) – Drowned ghost.

Shunoban (Japanese) – Red-faced ghoul.

Shuten-dōji (Japanese) – Oni.

Sídhe – (Irish and Scottish) – Ancestral or nature spirit.

Sigbin (Philippine) – Goat-like vampire.

Silenoi (Greek) – Bald, fat, thick-lipped, and flat-nosed followers of Dionysus.

Simargl (Slavic) – Winged dog.

Simurgh (Persian) – Dog-lion-peacock hybrid.

Singa (Batak) – Feline animal.

Sint Holo (Choctaw) – Serpentine rain spirit.

Siren (Greek) – Human-headed bird.

Sirin (Slavic) – Demonic human-headed bird.

Sirrush (Akkadian) – Dragon with aquiline hind legs and feline forelegs.

Sisiutl (Native American) – Two-headed sea serpent.

Si-Te-Cah (Paiute) – Red-haired giants.

Sjörå (Norse) – Freshwater spirit.

Sjövættir (Norse) – Sea spirit.

Skin-walker (Native American and Norse) – Animal-human shapeshifter.

Skogsrå (Scandinavian) – Forest spirit.

Skookum (Chinook Jargon) – Hairy giant.

Skrzak (Slavic) – Flying imp.

Sky Women (Polish) – Weather spirit.

Sluagh (Irish and Scottish) – Restless ghost.

Sodehiki-kozō (Japanese) – Invisible spirit which pulls on sleeves.

Sōgenbi (Japanese) – Fiery ghost of an oil-stealing monk.

Soragami (Japanese) – Ritual disciplinary demon.

Soraki-gaeshi (Japanese) – Sound of trees being cut down, when later none seem to have been cut.

Sorobanbōzu (Japanese) – Ghost with an abacus.

Sōtangitsune (Japanese) – Fox spirit from Kyoto.

Soucouyant (Trinidad and Tobago) – Vampiric hag who takes the form of a fireball at night.

Spearfinger (Cherokee) – Sharp-fingered hag.

Spectre (Worldwide) – Terrifying ghost.

Sphinx (Greek) – Winged lion with a woman’s head.

Spiriduş (Romanian) – Little people.

Spriggan (Cornish) – Guardians of graveyards and ruins.

Sprite (Medieval folklore) – little people, ghosts or elves.

Strigoi (Romanian) – Vampire.

Strix (Roman) – Vampiric bird.

Struthopodes (Medieval Bestiaries) – Humanoid whose males have enormous feet, and females have tiny feet.

Strzyga (Slavic) – Vampiric undead.

Stuhać (Slavic) – Malevolent mountain spirit.

Stymphalian Bird (Greek) – Metallic bird.

Suangi (New Guinea) – Anthropophagous sorcerer.

Succubus (Medieval folklore) – Female night-demon.

Sudice (Slavic) – Fortune spirit.

Sunakake-baba (Japanese) – Sand-throwing hag.

Sunekosuri (Japanese) – Small dog- or cat-like creature that rubs against a person’s legs at night.

Suppon-no-yūrei (Japanese) – Ghost with a face like a soft-shelled turtle.

Surma (Finnish) – Hellhound.

Svartálfar (Norse) – “swart-elves”, Cavern spirit.

The Swallower (Ancient Egyptian) – Crocodile-leopard-hippopotamus hybrid.

Swan maiden (Worldwide) – Swan-human shapeshifter.

Sylph (Alchemy) – Air elemental.

Sylvan (Medieval folklore) – Forest spirit.

Syrbotae (Medieval Bestiaries) – African giant.

Syrictæ (Medieval Bestiaries) – Reptilian humanoid.


Tachash (Jewish) – Large land animal.

Taimatsumaru (Japanese) – Tengu surrounded in demon fire.

Takam (Persian) – Nature spirit.

Taka-onna (Japanese) – Female spirit which can stretch itself to peer into the second story of a building.

Talos (Greek) – Winged giant made of bronze.

Tangie (Scottish) – Shapeshifting water spirit.

Taniwha (Māori) – Water spirit.

Tankororin (Japanese) – Unharvested persimmon which becomes a monster.

Tanuki (Japanese) – Shapeshifting Raccoon dog.

Taotao Mona (Mariana Islands) – Ancestral spirits.

Taotie (Chinese) – Greed spirit.

Tapairu (Mangaia) – Nature spirit.

Tarasque (French) – Dragon with leonine, turtle, bear, and human attributes.

Tartalo (Basque) – One-eyed giant.

Tartaruchi (Christian) – Demonic punisher.

Tatami-tataki (Japanese) – Poltergeist that hits the tatami mats at night.

Tatsu – Japanese dragon.

Taurokampoi (Etruscan) – Fish-tailed bull.

Tavara (Trabzon) – Night-demon.

Teju Jagua (Guaraní) – Lizard with seven dog heads.

Tengu (Japanese) – Anthropomorphic bird.

Tenjōname (Japanese) – Ceiling-licking spirit.

Tennin (Japanese) – Angelic humanoid.

Te-no-me (Japanese) – Ghost of a blind man, with his eyes on his hands.

Terrible Monster (Jewish) – Lion-eagle-scorpion hybrid made from the blood of murder victims.

Teumessian Fox (Greek) – Gigantic fox.

Theriocephalus (Medieval folklore) – Animal-headed humanoid.

Three-legged bird (Asia and Africa) – Solar bird.

Thunderbird (Native American) – Avian lightning spirit, bird.

Tiangou (Chinese) – Meteoric dog.

Tianlong (Chinese) – Celestial dragon.

Tibicena (Canarian) – Evil Dog.

Tiddy Mun (English) – Bog spirit.

Tikbalang (Philippine) – Anthropomorphic horse.

Tikoloshe (Zulu) – Little people and water spirit.

Timingila (Hindu) – Sea monster.

Tipua (Māori) – Spirit that protects a specific place.

Tiyanak (Philippine) – Malevolent spirit in the form of a human infant.

Tizheruk (Inuit) – Sea serpent.

Tlahuelpuchi (Tlaxcalan) – Shapeshifting vampire.

Tōfu-kozō (Japanese) – Spirit child carrying a block of tofu.

Toire-no-Hanakosan (Japanese) – Ghost who lurks in grade school restroom stalls.

Tomte (Scandinavian) – House spirit.

Topielec (Slavic) – Water spirit.

Tōtetsu (Japanese) – Greed spirit.

Toyol (Malay) – Servant spirit.

Trauco (Chilota) – Fertility spirit.

Trenti (Cantabrian) – Diminutive demon.

Tripurasura (Hindu) – Demonic inhabitants of Tripura.

Tritons (Greek) – Human-fish hybrid.

Troll (Norse) – Nature spirit.

Trow (Orkney and Shetland) – Little people and nature spirits.

Tsi-noo (Abenaki) – Vampiric demon.

Tsuchigumo (Japanese) – Shapeshifting, giant spider.

Tsuchinoko (Japanese) – Small sea serpent.

Tsukumogami (Japanese) – Inanimate object that becomes animated after existing for 100 years.

Tsul ‘Kalu (Cherokee) – Giant nature spirit.

Tsurara-onna (Japanese) – Icicle woman.

Tsurube-otoshi (Japanese) – Ambush predator.

Tugarin Zmeyevich (Slavic) – Evil shapeshifter.

Tylwyth Teg (Welsh) – Nature spirit.

Tupilaq (Inuit) – Animated construct.

Turehu (Māori) – Pale spirit.

Turul (Hungarian) – Giant bird.

Typhon (Greek) – Winged, snake-legged giant.

Tzitzimitl (Aztec) – Skeletal star spirit.


Ubume (Japanese) – Ghosts of women who died in childbirth.

Uma-no-ashi (Japanese) – Horse’s leg which dangles from a tree and kicks passersby.

Umibōzu (Japanese) – Ghost of drowned priest.

Umi-nyōbō (Japanese) – Female sea monster who steals fish.

Undead (Worldwide) – Dead that behave as if alive.

Underwater panther (Native American) – Feline water spirit.

Undine (Alchemy) – Water elemental.

Ungaikyō (Japanese) – Mirror monster which can display assorted wonders in its surface.

Unhcegila (Lakota) – Dragon.

Unicorn (Medieval Bestiaries) – One-horned goat-lion-stag-horse hybrid.

Unktehi (Lakota) – Serpentine rain spirit.

Unktehila (Lakota) – Reptilian water monster.

Upinis (Lithuanian) – River spirit.

Urayuli (Native American) – Hairy giant.

Uriaş (Romanian) – Giant.

Urmahlullu (Mesopotamian) – Lion-human hybrid guardian spirit.

Ushi-oni (Japanese) – Bull-headed monster.

Utukku (Akkadian) – Underworld messenger spirit.

Uwan (Japanese) – Spirit named for the sound it shouts when surprising people.


Vadātājs (Latvian) – Spirit that misleads people.

Vættir (Norse) – Nature spirit.

Valkyrie (Norse) – Female spirit that leads souls of dead warriors to Valhalla.

Vâlvă (Romanian) – Female nature spirit.

Vampire (Slavic) – Reanimated corpse that subsists on blood.

Vanara (Hindu) – Human-ape hybrid.

Vântoase (Romanian) – Female weather spirit.

Vârcolac (Romanian) – Vampire or werewolf.

Vardøger (Scandinavian) – Ghostly double.

Veļi (Latvian) – Ghost.

Věri Şělen – Chuvash dragon.

Vetala (Hindu) – Corpses possessed by vampiric spirits.

Víbria (Catalan) – Dragon with breasts and an eagle’s beak.

Vielfras (German) – Gluttonous dog-cat-fox hybrid.

Vila (Slavic) – Weather spirit.

Vilkacis (Latvian) – Animalistic monster.

Viruñas (Colombian) – Handsome demon.

Vision Serpent (Mayan) – Mystical dragon.

Vodyanoy (Slavic) – Male water spirit.

Vrykolakas (Greek) – Undead wolf-human hybrid.


Waldgeist (German) – Forest spirit.

Wampus cat (Cherokee) – Human-cougar hybrid.

Wana-games-ak (Abenaki) – Water spirits.

Wani (Japanese)- A crocodilian water monster.

Wanyūdō (Japanese) – Demon in the form of a burning ox cart with a human head.

Warak ngendog (Indonesian Muslim) – Egg-laying bird.

Warg (English and Scandinavian O.N. vargr) – Giant, demonic wolf.

Wassan-mon-ganeehla-ak (Abenaki) – Aurora spirits.

Water monkey (Chinese) – Water spirit.

Water sprite (Alchemy) – Water elemental.

Wati-kutjara (Australia Aboriginal) – Iguana spirit.

Wa-won-dee-a-megw (Abenaki) – Shapeshifting snail spirit.

Weisse Frauen (German) – Female spirit.

Wekufe (Mapuche) – Demon.

Wendigo (Algonquian) – Anthropophagous spirit.

Wentshukumishiteu (Inuit) – Water spirit.

Werecat (Worldwide) – Feline-human shapeshifter.

Werewolf (Worldwide) – Wolf-human shapeshifter.

White Lady (Worldwide) – Ghost of a murdered or mistreated woman.

Will-o’-the-Wisp (Worldwide) – Spectral fire.

Wirry-cow (Scottish) – Malevolent spirit.

Witte Wieven (Dutch) – Female, ancestral spirit.

Wondjina (Australia Aboriginal) – Weather spirit.

Woodwose (English) – Savage woodland humanoid.

Wraith (Scottish) – Water spirit or ghostly apparition.

Wulver (Scottish) – Wolf-headed human.

Wu Tou Gui (Chinese) – Beheaded ghost.

Wyrm – English dragon.

Wyvern (Germanic Heraldic) – Flying reptile, usually with two legs and two wings.


Xana (Asturian) – Female water spirit.

Xelhua (Aztec) – Giant.

Xing Tian (Chinese) – Headless giant.

Xiuhcoatl (Aztec) – Drought spirit.


Yacumama (South America) – Sea monster.

Yadōkai (Japanese) – Malevolent, nocturnal spirit.

Yagyō-san (Japanese) – Demon who rides through the night on a headless horse.

Yaksha (Buddhist, Hindu, and Jainism) – Male nature spirit.

Yakshi (Keralite) – Vampire.

Yakshini (Buddhist, Hindu, and Jainism) – Female nature spirit.

Yakubyō-gami (Japanese) – Disease and misfortune spirit.

Yale (Medieval Bestiaries) – Antelope- or goat-like animal with swiveling horns.

Yallery-Brown (English) – Nature spirit.

Yamaarashi (Japanese) – Porcupine spirit.

Yama-biko (Japanese) – Echo spirit.

Yama-bito (Japanese) – Savage, mountain-dwelling humanoid.

Yama-chichi (Japanese) – Monkey-like mountain spirit.

Yama-inu (Japanese) – Dog-like mountain spirit.

Yama-oroshi (Japanese) – a Radish-grater spirit.

Yama-otoko (Japanese) – Mountain giant.

Yamata no Orochi (Japanese) – Gigantic, eight-headed serpent.

Yama-uba (Japanese) – Malevolent, mountain-dwelling hag.

Yama-waro (Japanese) – Hairy, one-eyed spirit.

Yanari (Japanese) – Spirit which causes strange noises.

Yaoguai (Japanese) – Animalistic demon.

Yara-ma-yha-who (Australian Aboriginal) – Diminutive, sucker-fingered vampire.

Yatagarasu (Japanese) – Three-legged crow of Amaterasu.

Yato-no-kami (Japanese) – Serpent spirits.

Yeth hound (English) – Headless dog.

Yeti (Tibet) – Abominable Snowman.

Yilbegän (Turkic) – Either a dragon or a giant.

Yobuko (Japanese) – Mountain dwelling spirit.

Yofune-nushi (Japanese) – Sea monster.

Yōkai (Japanese) – Monstrous spirit.

Yomotsu-shikome (Japanese) – Underworld hag.

Yong – Korean dragon.

Yōsei (Japanese) – Nature spirit.

Yosuzume (Japanese) – Mysterious bird that sings at night, sometimes indicating that the okuri-inu is near.

You Hun Ye Gui (Chinese) – Wandering ghost.

Yowie (Australian Aboriginal) – Nocturnal human-ape hybrid, also Yahoo.

Ypotryll (Heraldic) – Boar-camel-ox-serpent hybrid.

Yuan Gui (Chinese) – Distressed ghost.

Yukinko (Japanese) – Childlike snow spirit.

Yuki-onna (Japanese) – Snow spirit.

Yūrei (Japanese) – Ghost.

Yuxa (Tatar) – 100-year-old snake that transforms into a beautiful human.


Zahhak (Persian) – Dragon

Žaltys (Baltic) – Serpentine fertility spirit

Zamzummim (Jewish) – Giant

Zână (Romanian) – Nature spirit

Zashiki-warashi (Japanese) – House spirit

Zburator (Romanian) – Wolf-headed dragon

Zduhać (Slavic mythology) – Disembodied, heroic spirit

Zennyo Ryūō (Japanese) – Rain-making dragon

Zhar-Ptitsa (Slavic) – Glowing bird

Zhulong (Chinese) – Pig-headed dragon

Zhū Què (Chinese) – Fire elemental bird

Žiburinis (Lithuanian) – Forest spirit in the form of a glowing skeleton

Zilant (Tatar) – Flying reptile with chicken legs

Zin (West Africa) – Water spirits

Ziz (Jewish) – Giant Bird

Zlatorog (Slovenia) – White deer with golden horns

Zmeu (Romanian folklore) – Giant with a habit of kidnapping young girls

Zmiy – Slavic dragon

Zombie (Vodou) – Re-animated corpse

Zorigami (Japanese) – Animated clock

Zuijin (Japanese) – Tutelary spirit

Zunbera-bō (Japanese) – Faceless ghost


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